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  4. 现在进行时,现在分词一般过去时,动词过去式否定句一般疑问句

句型转换。1. He usually watches TV at night. (用now改句) ___________________________________________________

一、题文

句型转换。
1. He usually watches TV at night. (用now改句)
_______________________________________________________
2. She washes the vegetables every day. (一般疑问句)
_______________________________________________________
3. Mary does the housework every week. (否定句)
_______________________________________________________
4. He doesn't go to work by car. (用last year改句)
_______________________________________________________

考点提示:现在进行时,现在分词,一般过去时,动词过去式,否定句,一般疑问句

二、答案

1. He is watching TV now.
2. Does she wash the vegetables every day?
3. Mary doesn't do the housework every week.
4. He didn't go to work by car last year.

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《句型转换。1. He usually watches TV at night. (用now改句) ___________________________________________________》这道题主要考你对 现在进行时,现在分词一般过去时,动词过去式否定句一般疑问句 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:现在进行时,现在分词,一般过去时,动词过去式,否定句,一般疑问句

考点名称:现在进行时,现在分词
  • 现在进行时:
    表示动作发生的时间是“现在”,动作目前的状态是“正在进行中”。所谓“正在进行中”,是指在谈到这件事的时候,这个动作还在进行中。
    现在进行时由“系动词am/ is/ are+动词-ing形式”构成。 
    例:We are reading the text. 我们正在读课文。 
        My sister is working in a hospital. 我的妹妹在医院工作。 
        They are watching TV now. 他们正在看电视。 
        What are you doing, Li Lei? 你现在正在干什么,李雷?

  • 现在进行时的基本用法:
    A表示现在( 指说话人说话时) 正在发生的事情。
    例:We are waiting for you.

    B. 表示现阶段正在进行的动作,说话时未必正在进行。
    例:Mr. Green is writing another novel.
    (说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。)
    例:She is learning piano under Mr. Smith.

    C.已经确定或安排好的但不确定会不会发生的将来活动。
    I'm leaving for a trek in Nepal next week.(我下周要去尼泊尔旅行)
    We're flying to Paris tomorrow.(我们明天乘飞机去巴黎)
  • 一般现在时与现在进行时的区别:
    一、准确理解两种时态的主要含义:
    (一)一般现在时:
    1.表示事物的本质特性或客观存在,没有时限性。
    The table ____ soft。(feels) 表特性特征。
    Japan ___ in the east of China。  (lives) 表客观事实
    2.现阶段经常性、习惯性的行为,可带频率时间。
    The shop closes at 7:30 p.m.
    Father doesn’t smoke. (习惯)
    3.表说话时的状态,感觉或结果,一般用状态动词,如:It doesn’t matter. Does it hurt? (感觉结果)
    4.特殊用法:
    -在条件、时间、让步从句中用现在时代替将来。
    -If you go there,I’ll help you.
    —用在begin,come,go,leave,return,open,close 等短暂谓语动词表规定计划。
    The plane takes off at 11:30. (不受主观支配的计划)
    -在剧本、解说、标题或there(here)开头的句中表进行
    There goes the bell/Here comes Mr.Wang.
    I declare the meeting opens.(正在宣布)
    He meets the ball and hits back to No.2 (正在发生)

    (二)现在进行时:
    1.说话时正在发生,进行的动作
    Look! Dark clouds are gathering . (正在发生)
    2.表现阶段正在进行,但此刻不一定正在进行的事。
    He usually gets up at 6:00,but this week he is getting up at 7:00. (现阶段正在进行,但说话时不一定在起床)
    3.现在进行时的特殊意义
    -表示主观打算常用于 go,come,leave,start,begin 等,位移、趋向动词。
    How long are you staying here (准备停留)
    -表示眼前刚过去的语意即“话音刚落”,适用于tell,say,talk,discuss ….
    You don’t believe it You know I’m telling the truth.
    -表示安慰、关心、喜欢、讨厌等感情色彩。
    He is always making noises in class. (讨厌)
    -在条件、时间、让步状语从句中表示将来正在进行。
    Don’t bother him if he is reading this time tomorrow.

    二、严格区分进行时与一般时的语义
    1.持续动词的一般时表持续情况,经常性,习惯性行为或客观存在的事实,进行时表暂时性或有限时刻的持续。
    2.短暂动词的一般时叙述事实,特征,能力而短暂动作进行时描述反复发生,即将发生或刚开始行为。
    3.短暂动词和静态动词一般时表示实际情况客观状态、结果、特征、特性,进行时表未完成含开始或渐进之意。
    The bus stops. (车停了-事实)
    The bus is stopping. (渐渐停下来)
    I love the job. (静态事实)
    I am loving the job. ( 渐渐爱上了)
    4.come,go,leave,start,return,move,reach,sail,fall 等一般时态表客观规定计划,进行时表主观打算推测。
    Flight 254 leaves at 5:30. (表客观规定计划)
    The plane is taking off an hour later.(主观判断)
    5.现在进行时带always,continually, constantly, for ever等频率副词表感情色彩,一般现在时则没有此用法。

  • 现在进行时的构成是
    主语+be+v.ing〔现在分词〕形式

    人称

    构成形式

    第一人称单数

    I+am+ing.

    第一人称复数

    We+are+ing.

    第二人称单(复)数

    You+are+ing

    第三人称单数

     He(She,it)+is+ing

    第三人称复数

    They+are+ing

    句式

     

    肯定句

    主语+be(is/am/are)+现在分词

    否定句

    主语+be(is/am/are)+not+现在分词

    一般疑问句

    (is/am/are)+主语+现在分词

    be特殊疑问句

    特殊疑问词+相应be动词+主语+现在分词+Sth?
    间接引语中改为过去进行时。


    现在分词的构成:

    构成

    举例

    一般情况

    词尾+ing

    动词原形

    现在分词

    go
    walk

    going
    walking

    以不发音字母e结尾

    去e,再加ing

    write
    come

    writing
    coming

    以重读闭音节结尾,且末尾只有一个辅以字母

    双写词尾+ing

    run
    cut

    running
    cutting

    以ie结尾的重读闭音节

    变ie为y+ing

    die
    lie
    dying
    lying

    结尾为c且c读作/k/时

    在结尾加k再加ing

    picnicpicnicking
考点名称:一般过去时,动词过去式
  • 一般过去时:
    表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为;过去主语所具备的能力和性格。
    be动词在第一人称是单数和第三人称是单数是用was,其余用were。
    a. 表示在过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态,常与表示过去的时间状语。
    yesterday(昨天)、last week   (上星期)、an hour ago(一小时前)等连用。 
      例:I went to the zoo with my father last Sunday. 上周日我和我爸爸去动物园了。
         They weren't able to come because they were so busy.他太忙了,所以去不了。
    b. 表示在过去一段时间里,经常性或习惯性的动作或状态。 
      例:My brother watched the World Cup every day last month.上个月哥哥每天都看世界杯比赛。

  • 一般过去时句法结构:
    肯定形式
    主语+动词过去式+其他
    例句:She often came to help us in those days.

    否定形式
    ①was/were+not;②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词
    例句:I didn't know you like coffee

    一般疑问句
    ①Did+主语+do+其他? ②Was\\Were+主语+表语?
    例句:Did I do that?
    用表格整理如下:
    肯定式疑问式否定式疑问否定式
    IworkedDid I work?I did not workDid I not work?
    He(She,It) workedDid he(she,it) work?He(she,it) did not workDid he(she,it) notwork?
    We workedDid we work?We did not workDid we not work?
    You workedDid you work?You did not workDid you not work?
    They workedDid they work?They did not workDid they not work?

    结构句型:
    1.一般句子
    I watched TV last night.
    2.一般疑问句
    Did you watch TV last night?
    3.there be 句型
    There was an apple on the table last night.
    Was there an apple on the table last night
  • 一般过去时用法口诀:
    一般过去时并不难,过去动作、状态记心间。
    动词要用过去式,时间状语句末站。
    否定句很简单,didn't 站在动原前,其它部分不要变。
    一般疑问句也好变,did放在句子前,主语、动原、其它部分依次站。
    特殊疑问句也简单,疑问词加一般疑问句记心间。
    最后一条请注意,动词过去式要牢记!
  •  过去式和过去分词的构成表:

    构成

    举例

    一般情况

    词尾+ed

    动词原形

    过去式和过去分词

    look
    talk

    looked
    talked

    以不发音字母e结尾

    词尾+d

    like
    arrive

    liked
    arrived

    以“辅以字母+y”结尾

    变y为i,再加ed

    fly
    study

    flied
    studied

    以重读闭音节结尾,且末尾只有一个辅音字母

    双写词尾+ed

    stop
    plan

    stopped
    planned 

    不规则变化的动词过去式:
    have---had are---were get---got say---said feel---felt do/does---did is---was go---went   drink--drank eat--ate bring----brought think----thought
    buy----bought catch---- caught teach ---- taught sit----sat wear----wore cut----cut sweep----swept sleep——slept become----became
考点名称:否定句
  • 否定句:
    表示否定的句子。必须有否定词。
    否定句的构成形式:
    a. 谓语为be动词时,“be+not "一名学生。
    b. 谓语为实义动词而且没有情态动词和助动词时,“do/ does/ did+not"构成否定。 
    例:I do not like dancing. 我不喜欢跳舞。 
          He does not want to go to school. 他不想去上学。
    c. 谓语为“情态动词+实义动词”时,“情态动词+not”构成否定。 
    例:You must not smoke. 你千万不要吸烟。 
           I can not catch it. 我抓不住它。
  • 否定句在英语语法中可以分为九类:
    (1)一般否定句
    I don't know this. No news is good news.
    There is no person(smoking)/not a person/not any person(smoking)in the house.
    (2)特指否定
    He went to his office, not to see him.
    I am sorry for not coming on time.
    I don't think/believe/suppose/feel/imagine you are right.
    (3)部分否定
    All the answers are not right
    All is not gold that glitters
    I don't know all of them.
    I can't see everybody/everything.
    Both of them are not right.
    (4)全体否定
    None of my friends smoke.
    I can see nothing/nobody.
    Neither of them is right.
    Nothing can be so simple as this.
    (5)延续否定
    You didn't see him, neither/nor did I.
    You don't know, I don't know either.
    He doesn't know English, let alone/to say nothing of/not to speak of(更不用说)French.
    (6)半否定句
    We seldom/hardly/scarcely/barely hear such fine singing.
    I know little English. I saw few people.
    (7)双重否定
    You can't make something out of nothing.
    What's done cannot be undone.
    There is no sweet without sweat.
    No gain without pains.
    I can't help /keep/ laughing whenever I hear it.
    No man is so old but(that)he can learn.
    (8)排除否定
    Everyone is ready except you.
    He did nothing but play.
    But for your help, I couldn't do it.
    (9)加强否定
    I won't do it at all.
    I can't see it any more.
    He is no longer a boy.
  • 否定转移的形式与用法:
    一、动词的否定转移
    1.形式上否定主句的谓语,实际上是否定从句的谓语
    当动词“think”、“believe”、“suppose”、“imagine”、“expect”、“feel”的主语是第一人称,谓语动词为没有任何副词修饰的一般现在时,它们的否定式实际上是对宾语从句的否定。
    表示说话者提出一种委婉的看法或主张。如:
    I think that he will help us.——I don’t think that he will help us. 我认为它不会帮助我们。
    I believe that he is right.——I don’t believe that he is right. 我认为他不对。
    I suppose that he likes it.——I don’t suppose that he likes it. 我想他不喜欢它。

    2. 形式上否定谓语动词,实际上否定复合宾语
    当动词“think”、“believe”、“suppose”、“imagine”、“expect”、“feel”、“find”的主语是第一人称,谓语动词为没有任何副词修饰的一般现在时,它们前面的否定式实际上是对复合宾语的否定。表示说话者所提出的一种委婉的看法或主张。如:
    I think math difficult. — I don’t think math difficult. 我认为数学不难。
    I find the story interesting. — I don’t find the story interesting. 我认为这个故事没有趣。
    I expect so. —I don’t expect so. 我认为不会。

    二、动词“think”、“believe”、“suppose”、“imagine”、“expect”、“feel”在下列情况下,否定不转移:
    1.这些动词跟其他另一个动词一起做并列谓语时,否定不转移。如:
    I believe and hope he won’t do that. 我相信并且也希望他将不会那样做。
    I feel and admit that we are not foolish. 我觉得并且也承认我们并不愚蠢。

    2.用于疑问句时,否定不转移。如:
    Do you think it is not going to rain? 你认为天不会下雨吗?
    Don’t you believe that he has done a good thing? 难道你不相信他做了一件好事?

    3.用作插入语时,否定不转移。如:
    Li Lei, I think, won’t be angry with you. 我想李蕾不会生你的气。
    Tom, I suppose, won’t be against it. 我猜想汤姆不会反对。
    Mike, I believe, hasn’t seen the film. 我认为迈克没有看这场电影。

    4.动词前有其他副词修饰时,否定不转移。如:
    I really don’t think it’s necessary for us to go there now. 我的确不认为我们有必要去那儿。
    I feel strongly that he shouldn’t do such a thing. 我强烈地认为他不应该做那样的事。

    5.动词为非一般现在时或主语不是第一人称时,否定不转移。
    I thought that he wouldn’t come back soon. 我原以为他不会回来得这么快。
    She didn’t believe that he became a good boy. 她不相信它变成了一个好孩子。
    He thinks that he isn’t fit for the job. 他认为他不适合这件工作。
    He doesn’t believe that what we told him is true. 他不相信我们告诉他的事是真的。

    6.当宾语从句中含的否定为“not……at all”、“not a little”、“not a few”、“not enough”、“can’t help”等固定搭配时,否定不转移。如:
    I think that he doesn’t know it at all. 我想他对那一点也不知道。
    I suppose that it is not enough to remember the words if you want to learn the language well. 我认为如果你想把这门语言学好,那么只记单词是不够的。
    I believe that you can’t help singing our national anthem when you win the first place in the Olympic Games. 我相信当你在奥运会上获得第一名时你会情不自禁地唱起国歌来。

    7.当宾语从句中含“no”、“nothing”、“nobody”、“nowhere”、“hardly”、“seldom”、“little”、“few”等否定词或半否词时,否定不转移。如:
    I believe that nothing can make me give it up. 我想任何事情也不能使我放弃。
    I think that no one can escape if the ship sinks in the sea. 我认为如果这艘船沉入海底的话,那么谁也逃不掉。
    I suppose that he is a man of few words. 我猜想他是一个言语不多的人。

考点名称:一般疑问句
  • 一般疑问句:
    是疑问句的一种。它是以be动词,have或助动词、情态动词开头,用yes(是)或no(否)来回答的句子。
    其结构是:系动词be/助动词/情态动词+主语+其他成分
    一般疑问句的肯定形式为:
    助动词+主语(+实义动词)。肯定答语用“yes+可定结构”。 
    一般疑问句的否定形式为:
    助动词构成的缩写否定词+主语(+实义动词)。否定答语用“no+否定结构”。
    例:
    — Do you like this story-book? 你喜欢这本故事书吗? 
    — Yes, I do. 喜欢。/ No, I don’t. 不喜欢。 
    — Is he a student? 他是一名学生吗?
    — Yes, he is. 是,他是。/ No, he isn’t. 不,他不是。
  • 一般疑问句的改写:
    一、含有be动词的一般疑问句,通常把be动词调到句首。例如:
    陈述句:They are in the swimming pool.
    一般疑问句:Are they in the swimming pool?
    注意:一般疑问句句末要用“?”。

    二、含有情态动词的一般疑问句(can, may...),把情态动词调到句首。例如:
    陈述句:He can drive a car.
    一般疑问句: Can he drive a car?

    三、含有have的一般疑问句,have译为“有”。一般疑问句式有两种形式:
    1.把have/has调到句首。例如:
    陈述句:Tommy has a computer.
    一般疑问句:Has Tommy/he a computer?
    2.加助动词do/does,第三人称单数用does,其他人称用do。其句型为:Do/Does + 主语 + have...?
    例如上句可变为: Does Tommy have a computer?

    四、一般动词的一般疑问句,也要借助助动词do/does,第三人称单数用does,其余人称用do。
    其句型为:Do/Does + 主语 + 动词原形+其它?
    陈述句:Amy speaks English.
    一般疑问句:Does Amy speak English?

    一般疑问句的回答:
    首先要有人称的改变。当主语为名词时,在答语中要改成其相应的代词。
    另外,答语有两种,肯定的回答(用yes)和否定的回答(用no),否定式常用缩写形式。
    现在还是让我们分句型一一说明。

    一、一般疑问句含be动词时,用be动词回答,句末用句号。例如:
    -Is Mary your sister?
    -Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.(缩写)

    二、一般疑问句含有情态动词(can, may, should等)时,用情态动词回答。例如:
    -May I come in?
    -Yes, you may. / No, you can’t.

    三、一般疑问句含有have(译为“有”)时,有两种回答方式。
    1.直接用have/has回答。
    例如:
    -Have they any pictures?
    -Yes, they have. / No, they haven’t.
    2.用助动词do/does回答。
    例如:
    -Does Millie smoke?
    -Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.

    四、一般动词的一般疑问句回答时也用助动词。
    例如:
    -Do the workers live in London?
    -Yes, they do. / No, they don’t.

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