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  4. 否定句疑问代词疑问副词一般疑问句

按要求改写句子。1. I will go to the park with my mother next Sunday. (对画线部分提问)______________________________

一、题文

按要求改写句子。
1. I will go to the park with my mother next Sunday. (对画线部分提问)
________________________________________________________________________________
2. Will you ask me to go with you? (作否定回答)
________________________________________________________________________________
3. He is going to buy an English book tomorrow. (改为否定句)
________________________________________________________________________________
4. I'm going to wear a dress at this party. (对画线部分提问)
________________________________________________________________________________
5. We will have lessons tomorrow. (改为否定句)
________________________________________________________________________________

考点提示:否定句,疑问代词,疑问副词,一般疑问句

二、答案

1. When will you go to the park with your mother?
2. No, I won't. (答案不唯一)
3. He isn't going to buy an English book tomorrow.
4. What are you going to wear at this party?
5. We will not have lessons tomorrow.

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《按要求改写句子。1. I will go to the park with my mother next Sunday. (对画线部分提问)______________________________》这道题主要考你对 否定句疑问代词疑问副词一般疑问句 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:否定句,疑问代词,疑问副词,一般疑问句

考点名称:否定句
  • 否定句:
    表示否定的句子。必须有否定词。
    否定句的构成形式:
    a. 谓语为be动词时,“be+not "一名学生。
    b. 谓语为实义动词而且没有情态动词和助动词时,“do/ does/ did+not"构成否定。 
    例:I do not like dancing. 我不喜欢跳舞。 
          He does not want to go to school. 他不想去上学。
    c. 谓语为“情态动词+实义动词”时,“情态动词+not”构成否定。 
    例:You must not smoke. 你千万不要吸烟。 
           I can not catch it. 我抓不住它。
  • 否定句在英语语法中可以分为九类:
    (1)一般否定句
    I don't know this. No news is good news.
    There is no person(smoking)/not a person/not any person(smoking)in the house.
    (2)特指否定
    He went to his office, not to see him.
    I am sorry for not coming on time.
    I don't think/believe/suppose/feel/imagine you are right.
    (3)部分否定
    All the answers are not right
    All is not gold that glitters
    I don't know all of them.
    I can't see everybody/everything.
    Both of them are not right.
    (4)全体否定
    None of my friends smoke.
    I can see nothing/nobody.
    Neither of them is right.
    Nothing can be so simple as this.
    (5)延续否定
    You didn't see him, neither/nor did I.
    You don't know, I don't know either.
    He doesn't know English, let alone/to say nothing of/not to speak of(更不用说)French.
    (6)半否定句
    We seldom/hardly/scarcely/barely hear such fine singing.
    I know little English. I saw few people.
    (7)双重否定
    You can't make something out of nothing.
    What's done cannot be undone.
    There is no sweet without sweat.
    No gain without pains.
    I can't help /keep/ laughing whenever I hear it.
    No man is so old but(that)he can learn.
    (8)排除否定
    Everyone is ready except you.
    He did nothing but play.
    But for your help, I couldn't do it.
    (9)加强否定
    I won't do it at all.
    I can't see it any more.
    He is no longer a boy.
  • 否定转移的形式与用法:
    一、动词的否定转移
    1.形式上否定主句的谓语,实际上是否定从句的谓语
    当动词“think”、“believe”、“suppose”、“imagine”、“expect”、“feel”的主语是第一人称,谓语动词为没有任何副词修饰的一般现在时,它们的否定式实际上是对宾语从句的否定。
    表示说话者提出一种委婉的看法或主张。如:
    I think that he will help us.——I don’t think that he will help us. 我认为它不会帮助我们。
    I believe that he is right.——I don’t believe that he is right. 我认为他不对。
    I suppose that he likes it.——I don’t suppose that he likes it. 我想他不喜欢它。

    2. 形式上否定谓语动词,实际上否定复合宾语
    当动词“think”、“believe”、“suppose”、“imagine”、“expect”、“feel”、“find”的主语是第一人称,谓语动词为没有任何副词修饰的一般现在时,它们前面的否定式实际上是对复合宾语的否定。表示说话者所提出的一种委婉的看法或主张。如:
    I think math difficult. — I don’t think math difficult. 我认为数学不难。
    I find the story interesting. — I don’t find the story interesting. 我认为这个故事没有趣。
    I expect so. —I don’t expect so. 我认为不会。

    二、动词“think”、“believe”、“suppose”、“imagine”、“expect”、“feel”在下列情况下,否定不转移:
    1.这些动词跟其他另一个动词一起做并列谓语时,否定不转移。如:
    I believe and hope he won’t do that. 我相信并且也希望他将不会那样做。
    I feel and admit that we are not foolish. 我觉得并且也承认我们并不愚蠢。

    2.用于疑问句时,否定不转移。如:
    Do you think it is not going to rain? 你认为天不会下雨吗?
    Don’t you believe that he has done a good thing? 难道你不相信他做了一件好事?

    3.用作插入语时,否定不转移。如:
    Li Lei, I think, won’t be angry with you. 我想李蕾不会生你的气。
    Tom, I suppose, won’t be against it. 我猜想汤姆不会反对。
    Mike, I believe, hasn’t seen the film. 我认为迈克没有看这场电影。

    4.动词前有其他副词修饰时,否定不转移。如:
    I really don’t think it’s necessary for us to go there now. 我的确不认为我们有必要去那儿。
    I feel strongly that he shouldn’t do such a thing. 我强烈地认为他不应该做那样的事。

    5.动词为非一般现在时或主语不是第一人称时,否定不转移。
    I thought that he wouldn’t come back soon. 我原以为他不会回来得这么快。
    She didn’t believe that he became a good boy. 她不相信它变成了一个好孩子。
    He thinks that he isn’t fit for the job. 他认为他不适合这件工作。
    He doesn’t believe that what we told him is true. 他不相信我们告诉他的事是真的。

    6.当宾语从句中含的否定为“not……at all”、“not a little”、“not a few”、“not enough”、“can’t help”等固定搭配时,否定不转移。如:
    I think that he doesn’t know it at all. 我想他对那一点也不知道。
    I suppose that it is not enough to remember the words if you want to learn the language well. 我认为如果你想把这门语言学好,那么只记单词是不够的。
    I believe that you can’t help singing our national anthem when you win the first place in the Olympic Games. 我相信当你在奥运会上获得第一名时你会情不自禁地唱起国歌来。

    7.当宾语从句中含“no”、“nothing”、“nobody”、“nowhere”、“hardly”、“seldom”、“little”、“few”等否定词或半否词时,否定不转移。如:
    I believe that nothing can make me give it up. 我想任何事情也不能使我放弃。
    I think that no one can escape if the ship sinks in the sea. 我认为如果这艘船沉入海底的话,那么谁也逃不掉。
    I suppose that he is a man of few words. 我猜想他是一个言语不多的人。

考点名称:疑问代词
  • 疑问代词:
    在句子中用来构成特殊疑问句,主要用于询问“何人”、“何事”、“什么”。
    常见的疑问代词如下表所示:

    疑问代词

    替代范围

    who

    whom

    whose

    which

    人、事、物

    what

    事、物

考点名称:疑问副词
  • 疑问副词:
    用来引导特殊疑问句,表示时间,地点,方式,原因等,常见的有:when,where,how,why等。
    分类:
    时间副词:now, then, yesterday, always, already, soon
    地点副词:here, home, upstairs, nowhere, above, near, beyond
    方式副词:多数是形容词加上ly构成的,和一些well, fast, quick, slow, hard, alone, straight, wide
    在加词尾ly时要注意:
    (1)辅音+le:simple→simply, gentle→gently,
    (2)以ic结尾的词:classic→classical但是public→publicly
    (3)以辅音读音是[i]的y结尾的词:easy→easily
    (4)特例:full→fully, whole→wholly, true→truly
    程度副词,连接副词,关系副词
    much, enough, quite, hardly, almost, deeply
    疑问副词连接副词,关系副词:
    how,who,where
  • 疑问副词在句中的位置及用法举例:
    由于疑问副词后接疑问句,因此这些副词一般都位于句首。例如:
    How do you go to school? 你怎么去上学?
    Why do you dislike the game? 为什么你不喜欢这个游戏?
  • 疑问代词和疑问副词区别:
    1. 疑问代词做对陈述句的主语,宾语或定语提问,即做句子的主语,宾语或定语, 如:
    what, who/ whom, whose.
    eg. Who is talking ?
    What can you see?
    Whose shirt is this?

    2.疑问副词对时间,地点,方式等状语提问,如:
    when, where, how 等.
    eg. When is your birthday?
    Where are you going?
    How do you know?
考点名称:一般疑问句
  • 一般疑问句:
    是疑问句的一种。它是以be动词,have或助动词、情态动词开头,用yes(是)或no(否)来回答的句子。
    其结构是:系动词be/助动词/情态动词+主语+其他成分
    一般疑问句的肯定形式为:
    助动词+主语(+实义动词)。肯定答语用“yes+可定结构”。 
    一般疑问句的否定形式为:
    助动词构成的缩写否定词+主语(+实义动词)。否定答语用“no+否定结构”。
    例:
    — Do you like this story-book? 你喜欢这本故事书吗? 
    — Yes, I do. 喜欢。/ No, I don’t. 不喜欢。 
    — Is he a student? 他是一名学生吗?
    — Yes, he is. 是,他是。/ No, he isn’t. 不,他不是。
  • 一般疑问句的改写:
    一、含有be动词的一般疑问句,通常把be动词调到句首。例如:
    陈述句:They are in the swimming pool.
    一般疑问句:Are they in the swimming pool?
    注意:一般疑问句句末要用“?”。

    二、含有情态动词的一般疑问句(can, may...),把情态动词调到句首。例如:
    陈述句:He can drive a car.
    一般疑问句: Can he drive a car?

    三、含有have的一般疑问句,have译为“有”。一般疑问句式有两种形式:
    1.把have/has调到句首。例如:
    陈述句:Tommy has a computer.
    一般疑问句:Has Tommy/he a computer?
    2.加助动词do/does,第三人称单数用does,其他人称用do。其句型为:Do/Does + 主语 + have...?
    例如上句可变为: Does Tommy have a computer?

    四、一般动词的一般疑问句,也要借助助动词do/does,第三人称单数用does,其余人称用do。
    其句型为:Do/Does + 主语 + 动词原形+其它?
    陈述句:Amy speaks English.
    一般疑问句:Does Amy speak English?

    一般疑问句的回答:
    首先要有人称的改变。当主语为名词时,在答语中要改成其相应的代词。
    另外,答语有两种,肯定的回答(用yes)和否定的回答(用no),否定式常用缩写形式。
    现在还是让我们分句型一一说明。

    一、一般疑问句含be动词时,用be动词回答,句末用句号。例如:
    -Is Mary your sister?
    -Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.(缩写)

    二、一般疑问句含有情态动词(can, may, should等)时,用情态动词回答。例如:
    -May I come in?
    -Yes, you may. / No, you can’t.

    三、一般疑问句含有have(译为“有”)时,有两种回答方式。
    1.直接用have/has回答。
    例如:
    -Have they any pictures?
    -Yes, they have. / No, they haven’t.
    2.用助动词do/does回答。
    例如:
    -Does Millie smoke?
    -Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.

    四、一般动词的一般疑问句回答时也用助动词。
    例如:
    -Do the workers live in London?
    -Yes, they do. / No, they don’t.

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