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综合填空。根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。每空限填一词。 Bill and Simon were good friends. One summer they were on

一、题文

综合填空。根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。每空限填一词。
     Bill and Simon were good friends. One summer they were on (1)h______. They wanted to sail around the
Caribbean Sea in their boat for two weeks.
     During their trip, they saw many whales. Bill and Simon were very (2)e______ because they had wanted
to see them very much. Unluckily, (3)w______ they were watching them, the whales began to hit the side of
the boat.
     Suddenly, (4)w______ started coming in, and they realized that they were in trouble. They (5)q______
jumped into the lifeboat before the sank (沉没), and watched it disappear under the sea.
     Luckily, they had enough food and water for about twenty (6)d______. They also had a fishing line and a
machine which could change sea water (7)i______ drinking water. These two things helped them to survive
(存活) during their terrible experience.
     For the next fifty days they caught about ten fish a day and (8)a______ them. They saw about twenty ships,
but although they waved and shouted when the ships were passing, (9)n______ saw them. They were
becoming weaker and weaker. Then, just as they were beginning to (10)l______ hope, a fishing boat saved
them.

考点提示:故事类阅读

二、答案

1. holidays 2. excited 3. while/when 4. water 5. quickly
6. days 7. into 8. ate 9. nobody 10. lose

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《综合填空。根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。每空限填一词。 Bill and Simon were good friends. One summer they were on》这道题主要考你对 故事类阅读 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:故事类阅读

考点名称:故事类阅读
  • 故事类阅读:
    文章一般描述的是某一件具体事情的发生发展或结局,有人物、时间、地点和事件。
    命题往往从故事的情节、人物或事件的之间的关系、作者的态度及意图、故事前因和后果的推测等方面着手,考查学生对细节的辨认能力以及推理判断能力。
    阅读这类材料时,同学们一定要根据主要情节掌握文章主旨大意,同时抓住每一个细节,设身处地根据文章内容揣摩作者的态度和意图,根据情节展开想象,即使是碰到深层理解题也可迎刃而解。

  • 故事类阅读注意:
    初中生接触到的阅读材料大都是故事类。
    阅读故事类的材料,应该抓住人物线索、地点线索、时间线索和情节发展线索。

    特别注意的是,以上线索往往是并存的。因为情节的发展总是涉及到人物的变化、时间的推移、场景的变换等。
    而阅读材料后的阅读理解往往会围绕这些内容设计一些事实类的理解题。

    凡事实类的理解题都可以从阅读材料的表层文字中找到答案。

    在阅读故事类短文时,应理解文章的深层含义,也就是它的主题。在此需要注意的是,现在的阅读理解题在测试事实类的理解题的同时,往往有一道推理类理解测试题.

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