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Asia is home to more than half of the world's population and three of the four most crowded cou

一、题文

Asia is home to more than half of the world's population and three of the four most crowded countries are in Asia. China, India, and Indonesia alone have more than 2.5 billion people.
Until recently, most Asian nations fell behind the western countries in many fields. Government reform(改革), however, has led to important progress in each of these Asian countries. Across the area, education systems have been improved and economies(经济) have been growing. Most Asian countries now have a system of compulsory(义务的) education. Many countries have recently allowed private universities to be built, which was not allowed before. There are more chances for students to go to university now.
However, in Asia, there are still not enough chances for students to get higher education and many people prefer to go abroad for further study. As a result, India, China, South Korea, Japan and other Asian countries send thousands of students to study in the United States and Europe each year.
Part of the people in Asian countries can speak English, and English has become the most important language for business across the area. The percentage(百分比) is the largest in Japan, Singapore, the Philippines, SriLanka and South Korea. Many people in China, India and Malaysia can also speak English. Some countries have made English part of the primary and secondary education program. In some countries, children begin to study English even at the age of 4 or 5.
小题1:The population of Asia is about__________         .
A.2.5 billionB.half of the world's population
C.1.3 billionD.6 billion
小题2:Most Asian countries __________ the western countries in many fields.
A.are better thanB.are more powerful than
C.get greater progress than.D.are not as good as
小题3:In the past, __________ was not allowed in many Asian countries.
A.speaking EnglishB.moving to other countries
C.building private universitiesD.building middle schools
小题4:Why do so many students in Asia go to study in the USA and Europe?
A.Because they are rich.
B.Because there are not enough chances for students to get higher education in Asia.
C.Because they don't want to work hard.
D.Because they can speak English very well.
小题5:Which of the following is NOT true?
A.There're more than 2.5 billion people in China, India and Indonesia.
B.The economies in Asian countries are becoming worse.
C.Education in Asia has had great changes.
D.In some Asian countries, English has become very important for business

考点提示:社会现象类阅读

二、答案


小题1:B
小题2:D
小题3:C
小题4:B
小题5:B
亚洲拥有超过一半的世界人口和三四个最拥挤的国家都是在亚洲。中国、印度和印度尼西亚人已经超过了25亿人。
小题1:细节理解题。根据文章第一段最后一句可知。
小题2:细节理解题。根据文章第二段第一句可知。
小题3:细节理解题。根据文章第二段倒数二,三两行可知。
小题4:细节理解题。根据文章倒数第二段可知。
小题5:细节理解题。

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《Asia is home to more than half of the world's population and three of the four most crowded cou》这道题主要考你对 社会现象类阅读 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:社会现象类阅读

考点名称:社会现象类阅读
  • 社会现象类阅读:
    这类文章通过写人记事来揭示文章的主题,显示其社会意义,一般采用顺序或倒叙来叙述。
    题目经常是一些细节问题。考查的方面可以是原因和其中引发的思考。阅读这类文章要理清思路。
  • 描述社会现象英语:
    安居工程 housing project for low-income families
    安居小区 a neighborhood for low-income families
    保障妇女就业权利to guarantee women’s right to employment
    补发拖欠的离退休人员统筹项目内的养老金 All back pension entitlements have been paid for the retired covered by the overall government plan.
    裁定保险赔偿 adjudication of benefits
    城镇居民最低生活保障 guarantee of subsistence allowances for urban residents
    城镇社会保障体系the social security system in urban areas
    城镇职工基本医疗保险制度the basic medical insurance system for urban employees
    大力推行个人助学信贷 Personal loans to finance education should be vigorously promoted.
    待业人员 job seekers
    待遇优厚的工作 a well-paid job
    单亲家庭 single parent family
    定向培训 training for specific posts
    独生子女 the only child
    对保障方案进行精算评估 Security programs should undergo actuarial review.
    对口扶贫 provide poverty alleviation aid to the designated sister regions
    福利分房 buy a benefit-oriented apartment from the organization one works with
    岗位培训 on-job training
    个人自愿计划 voluntary private plans
    工伤保险制度the on-job injury insurance system
    工资收入分配制度the wage and income distribution system
    关系国计民生的大事 matters vital to national well-being and the people’s livelihood
    关心和支持残疾人事业 Programs to help the physically and mentally challenged deserve our care and support.
    关心老龄人 care for senior citizens.
    国企下岗职工基本生活保障 guarantee of basic cost of living allowances for workers laid off from state-owned enterprises
    过温饱生活 live a life at a subsistent level
    合理调整就业结构to rationally readjust the employment structure
    后勤服务社会化 make logistic services independent in their operation
    基本养老金basic pensions
    计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning
    加快住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation
    加强计划生育工作 further improve family planning
    加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion
    家庭美德 family virtues
    建立集体合同制度to establish a group contract system
    建立市场导向的就业机制to establish a market-oriented employment mechanism
    建立新型的劳动关系to establish a new type of labor relations
    教育程度 educational status; education received

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