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Motor cars were first made in England just before 1900. The parts for the bodies and engines were ha

一、题文

Motor cars were first made in England just before 1900. The parts for the bodies and engines were hand-made and the cars were built from these. One at a time. This took a long time, and the cars cost a lot of money. Then a quicker and cheaper way of making cars was found. Instead of making all the parts at their own works, some car factories asked other factories to make some of them. All the parts were then fitted together in the car factories.
Modern car-making factoriess are so large that each one is really a lot of factories close together. Each workshop makes some parts. The pieces of a car body are joined together by welders(电焊工) . All the bits and pieces that make up each car are collected and put ready for the assembly line(装配线) , where they are fitted together.
小题1:The first motor cars were probably made by______.
A.EuropeansB.the WhitesC.the BlacksD.the English
小题2:A quicker and cheaper way of making motor cars was______.
A.found in 1900
B.that all parts of motor cars were no longer made by hand
C.the one that they should be made in a large car factories
D.the different parts of motor cars were produced in different works
小题3:"Modern car-making factories" means "______".
A.the factories which modern cars are making at
B.the factories where cars are made by modern workers
C.the new factories at which cars are being made
D.the factories where modern cars are made

考点提示:历史文化类阅读

二、答案


小题1:D
小题2:D
小题3:D

试题分析:这篇短文简要的介绍了汽车的生产及发展历史。
小题1:根据第一段Motor cars were first made in England just before 1900.描述,可知选D。
小题2:根据第一段Then a quicker and cheaper way of making cars was found. Instead of making all the parts at their own works, some car factories asked other factories to make some of them. All the parts were then fitted together in the car factories.描述,可知选D。
小题3:根据短文最后一段描述,可知现代汽车制造厂指的是生产汽车的工厂。故选D。
点评:本文浅显易懂,层次分明,学生很容易把握文章中心内容。答题中注意带着问题阅读短文,一般就能顺利找出答题依据。对于不能直接找到根据的问题注意联系上下文,根据短文中心总结出正确答案。

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《Motor cars were first made in England just before 1900. The parts for the bodies and engines were ha》这道题主要考你对 历史文化类阅读 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:历史文化类阅读

考点名称:历史文化类阅读
  • 历史文化类阅读:
    本类题型常用的方式是夹叙夹议。叙述的目的是为了议,所以要把握其议才是主要方面。
    阅读这类文章,先弄清其引入的话题,再弄清里面人物对其不同的看法,然后理解作者本身对话题的观点看法或思考。

  • 初中英语阅读理解的解题技巧:
    一、要注意养成良好的阅读心理,阅读时要去掉杂念,心绪要安定,精神要专一,要形成一种惬意的顺向心理。
    切不可一遇到几个生词难句,就心烦意乱,失去自控能力。心理学家告诉我们,任何恐慌,过分紧张的情绪都会形成一种消极因素妨碍大脑的正常思维功能。
    因此,遇到困难一定要从容不迫,心无旁骛。这样才能对所读的文章印象清晰,理解深刻。

    二、要提高视读的速度,考阅读理解,从另一个方面来说,考的是考试速度。因此做阅读理解时,要注意培养自己快速阅读的习惯。
    切不可在个别难懂的词句上磨蹭,只要全篇理解了,个别难懂的词句可以根据上下文和构词法去猜测,去推断。

    三、对文章的评价分析,一定要坚持“词不离句,句不离篇”,要理解文章作者的原意,而不能按你自己的意愿去想当然。
    切记:一想当然,就会出错。

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