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  3. 九年级英语
  4. 健康环保类阅读科教类阅读

If you get into the forest with your friends, stay with them always. If you don’t, you may get lost.

一、题文

If you get into the forest with your friends, stay with them always. If you don’t, you may get lost. If you really get lost, this is what you should do. Sit down and stay where you are. Don’t try to find your friends—let them find you by staying in one place.
There is another way to help your friends or other nearby people to find you. Give them a signal (信号) by shouting or whistling (吹口哨) three times. Any signal given three times is a call for help.
Keep up shouting or whistling always three times together. When people hear you, they will know that you are not just making noise for fun. They will let you know that they have heard your signal. They give you two shouts, two whistles, or two gun-shots (枪声). When someone gives you a signal, it is an answer to a call for help.
If you don’t think that you will get help before night comes, try to make a little house---cover up to the holes with branches (树枝) with lots of leaves. Make yourself a soft bed with leaves and grass.
What should you do if you get hungry or need drinking water? You would have to leave your little house to look for a river. Don’t just walk away. Pick off small branches and drop them as you walk so that you can find your way back. The most important thing to do when you are lost is—stay in one place.
小题1:If you lost in the forest, you should _______.
A.stay where you are and give signals three times
B.walk around the forest and shout so that your friends could hear you
C.try to find your friends as soon as possible
D.try to get out of the forest and shout for help
小题2:If you want to let people believe that you are not just making noise for fun, you should _______.
A.tell people that you are lost
B.keep up shouting or whistling
C.shout at the top of your voice
D.shout or whistle three times
小题3:When you hear two shouts, or whistles, or gunshots, __________.
A.you should shout more loudly
B.you can whistle three times
C.it is an answer to your call for help
D.you should try to run to them
小题4:When you want to leave your place to get drinking water, you should ________.
A.just go to the river
B.find some glasses or bottles before you go
C.make a fire so that you can have some tea
D.leave marks so that you can find your way back
小题5:This passage mainly tells you __________.
A.when you hear a signal always three times, it is a call for help
B.What you should do if you get lost in a forest
C.any signal given twice means an answer to a call for help
D.how you can live longer in a forest

考点提示:健康环保类阅读,科教类阅读

二、答案


小题1:A
小题2:D
小题3:C
小题4:D
小题5:B

试题分析:如果和同伴一起进森林里冒险,但是自己不小心走丢了怎么办呢?不要乱跑,呆在附近,并尝试发出求救信号来让同伴或其他人救自己。如果在晚上之前没能获救,那就尽量为自己做一个过夜的简陋小屋吧,记得靠近水源。最重要的一点切记:不要乱跑,呆在附近。
小题1:细节理解题。由“Sit down and stay where you are. Don’t try to find your friends—let them find you by staying in one place.”可知一旦走散时要尽量待在原地并发信号让同伴找到自己。故选A。 
小题2:细节理解题。由“Keep up shouting or whistling always three times together. When people hear you, they will know that you are not just making noise for fun.”可知发三次信号就能让人明白这是求救信号。 故选D。
小题3:细节理解题。由“They give you two shouts, two whistles, or two gun-shots (枪声). When someone gives you a signal, it is an answer to a call for help.”可知,两声信号是对求救信号的回应。 故选C。
小题4:细节理解题。“Don’t just walk away. Pick off small branches and drop them as you walk so that you can find your way back. ”可知你需要在路上撒一些东西以便找到回去的路。 故选D。
小题5:细节理解题。这篇文章讲的是如果在森林里迷路了应该怎么办。 故选B。

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《If you get into the forest with your friends, stay with them always. If you don’t, you may get lost.》这道题主要考你对 健康环保类阅读科教类阅读 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:健康环保类阅读,科教类阅读

考点名称:健康环保类阅读
  • 健康环保类阅读:
    本类型主要是围绕饮食健康、医疗卫生及环境保护等方面选取实际的材料来设题。
    体裁有记叙文、说明文、议论文和各种应用文。
  • 健康环保类阅读题答题注意事项和技巧:
    应试生态环保类题目时,在理解文章的基础上,要重点突破——归纳主旨大意技能,因为推断是以整体理解为基础的推断能力。
    1.归纳主旨大意:
    (1)寻找具体段落的中心思想的方法是:找出每小段的主题句。
    主题句通常有这样的特点:
    ①有一个话题(topic);
    ②有阐述控制性概念,偶尔也可在一段中间;
    ③有的文章无明显主题句,主题句隐含在段意之中。这就需要读者进一步加工概括了。
    (2)寻找整篇文章的中心思想的方法建立在寻找具体段落中心的基础上的。
    应观察全文的结构安排,理解文章浓墨重笔写的“重心”,考虑文章组织材料及支撑性细节是服务于什么的,分析故事的发展结局都是围绕什么中心大意来安排的。
    (3)典型错误:
    ①忽视文章的结构;
    ②混淆了中心与支撑细节或材料的区别;
    ③忽视文章表意的倾向性;
    ④漏掉了主要的特征词。

    2.正确推理判断:
    推理判断试题要求考生尽量考虑文中全部信息或事实,在通篇理解文章的基础上领会作者的言外之意,并作出正确的推理和判断。
    (1)数据推断题
    解答此类题,关键是要善于捕捉有关数字的信息,然后在透彻理解原文的字面意义和题意的基础上,运用自己的数学知识,对其进行分析、推算,从而得出正确的结论。
    (2)知识推断题
    根据文章中所阐述的细节,运用基础知识进行分析、推敲,从而得出符合文章原义的结论的一种推断方法。
    (3)逻辑结论推断题
    根据事实、论点、例证等一系列论据材料,不是根据自己的经验、态度、观点或爱好去理解文章的内涵。
    解答这类题的前提是要首先获得短文的主题思想或列举的具体事实,然后按题意要求进行推断。
    (4)对作者态度、倾向的推断题
    作者的倾向和感情往往隐含在文章的字里行间,或流露于修饰的词语之中,因此,在推断过程中,应特别注意文中作者的措辞。
考点名称:科教类阅读
  • 科普类的阅读:
    科普类的阅读理解包含介绍科学知识、社会知识的短文。阅读这类短文时,要以事实为中心进行思考,抓住事物的特征、用途、相互关系等。
    如果是介绍社会现象的文章,要掌握所谈现象的内涵。
  • 答题技巧:
    1. 加强整体意识,把握文章的主要内容。在阅读的时候可给段落标上序号,并给重要的句子和
       关键词做上记号,尤其是各段中心句,为答题提供更快捷更多的信息源。
    2. 审清题干,发觉和把握试题中有效的提示性信息,确认命题的角度、阅读范围和答题方式。
    3. 定位阅读,强化对应意识。同时要注意原文利用和自我加工相结合。

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