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Tony: These days, the word “clone” has appeared very often in the newspapers. Do you know its meanin

一、题文

Tony: These days, the word “clone” has appeared very often in the newspapers. Do you know its meaning?
Lana: I read a report. It said that Dr. Ian Wilmut successfully cloned a lamb* named Dolly from a grown-up sheep. So people call him the “father” of Dolly.
Tony: In fact, the word “clone” means to produce the “same” animal by taking cells* from a
grown-up one. I think, if we know how to do cloning, we need only to keep a small number
of sheep, cows or horses.
Lana: What’s more, these days some people even want to clone humans. They have asked: Can we
clone ourselves?                                                       
Tony: It seems interesting. But do you think it possible to do that?
Lana: No, impossible! First, I think we cannot clone a dead person, because the cells in his body are dead already.
Tony: Then can we clone a living person?
Lana: Again no! You might clone yourself one after another, but it is only a copy, not a real you. It is only something, not a “human”.
Tony: Well, you mean that it is not a real human.
Lana: True enough! I think Dr. Wilmut would most like to make better animals, and it has nothing to do with human cloning.
小题1:The word “clone” means_________________.
复制  B 克隆 C 抄袭   D 制造
小题2:Dolly was the name of _______.
A. the father of a sheep  B. a famous scientist  
C. . a grown-up sheep    D a sheep that was cloned
小题3:Lana says Dr. Ian Wilmut is the “father” of Dolly. Here, she means __________.
Dr. Ian Wilmut was the first man to clone a sheep in his lab
Dr. Ian Wilmut gave Dolly a new life
Dr. Ian Wilmut took care of Dolly like a father
D.  Dr. Ian Wilmut has a daughter whose name is Dolly
小题4: From the conversation,          may be clone in our life.
A a tree   B a person   C  an elephant   D  an orange
小题5:According to the conversation, we know about         .
Scientists have successfully cloned humans. 
Dr. Wilmut likes to do human cloning.
C. Cloned animals are better than humans.  
D. Lana doesn’t think humans shouldn’t be cloned.

考点提示:健康环保类阅读,科教类阅读

二、答案


小题1:B
小题1:D
小题1:A
小题1:C
小题1:D

小题1:词义推测。根据文章中the word “clone” means to produce the “same” animal by taking cells  from a grown-up one.推测到为“克隆”之意。
小题1:细节考查。根据文章中It said that Dr. Ian Wilmut successfully cloned a lamb named Dolly from a grown-up sheep.可知多利为一只被克隆的羊。
小题1:细节推测。根据文章中It said that Dr. Ian Wilmut successfully cloned a lamb named Dolly from a grown-up sheep. So people call him the “father” of Dolly.可知Dr. Ian Wilmut是第一个在实验室克隆出羊的第一人。
小题1:细节推测。从整个对话我们可知克隆是对动物进行的,不可对人类克隆,故选C。
小题1:大意推测。根据文章最后I think Dr. Wilmut would most like to make better animals, and it has nothing to do with human cloning.可知Lana认为人可以被克隆。

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《Tony: These days, the word “clone” has appeared very often in the newspapers. Do you know its meanin》这道题主要考你对 健康环保类阅读科教类阅读 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:健康环保类阅读,科教类阅读

考点名称:健康环保类阅读
  • 健康环保类阅读:
    本类型主要是围绕饮食健康、医疗卫生及环境保护等方面选取实际的材料来设题。
    体裁有记叙文、说明文、议论文和各种应用文。
  • 健康环保类阅读题答题注意事项和技巧:
    应试生态环保类题目时,在理解文章的基础上,要重点突破——归纳主旨大意技能,因为推断是以整体理解为基础的推断能力。
    1.归纳主旨大意:
    (1)寻找具体段落的中心思想的方法是:找出每小段的主题句。
    主题句通常有这样的特点:
    ①有一个话题(topic);
    ②有阐述控制性概念,偶尔也可在一段中间;
    ③有的文章无明显主题句,主题句隐含在段意之中。这就需要读者进一步加工概括了。
    (2)寻找整篇文章的中心思想的方法建立在寻找具体段落中心的基础上的。
    应观察全文的结构安排,理解文章浓墨重笔写的“重心”,考虑文章组织材料及支撑性细节是服务于什么的,分析故事的发展结局都是围绕什么中心大意来安排的。
    (3)典型错误:
    ①忽视文章的结构;
    ②混淆了中心与支撑细节或材料的区别;
    ③忽视文章表意的倾向性;
    ④漏掉了主要的特征词。

    2.正确推理判断:
    推理判断试题要求考生尽量考虑文中全部信息或事实,在通篇理解文章的基础上领会作者的言外之意,并作出正确的推理和判断。
    (1)数据推断题
    解答此类题,关键是要善于捕捉有关数字的信息,然后在透彻理解原文的字面意义和题意的基础上,运用自己的数学知识,对其进行分析、推算,从而得出正确的结论。
    (2)知识推断题
    根据文章中所阐述的细节,运用基础知识进行分析、推敲,从而得出符合文章原义的结论的一种推断方法。
    (3)逻辑结论推断题
    根据事实、论点、例证等一系列论据材料,不是根据自己的经验、态度、观点或爱好去理解文章的内涵。
    解答这类题的前提是要首先获得短文的主题思想或列举的具体事实,然后按题意要求进行推断。
    (4)对作者态度、倾向的推断题
    作者的倾向和感情往往隐含在文章的字里行间,或流露于修饰的词语之中,因此,在推断过程中,应特别注意文中作者的措辞。
考点名称:科教类阅读
  • 科普类的阅读:
    科普类的阅读理解包含介绍科学知识、社会知识的短文。阅读这类短文时,要以事实为中心进行思考,抓住事物的特征、用途、相互关系等。
    如果是介绍社会现象的文章,要掌握所谈现象的内涵。
  • 答题技巧:
    1. 加强整体意识,把握文章的主要内容。在阅读的时候可给段落标上序号,并给重要的句子和
       关键词做上记号,尤其是各段中心句,为答题提供更快捷更多的信息源。
    2. 审清题干,发觉和把握试题中有效的提示性信息,确认命题的角度、阅读范围和答题方式。
    3. 定位阅读,强化对应意识。同时要注意原文利用和自我加工相结合。

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