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  3. 九年级英语
  4. 情景交际日常用语、谚语

阅读下面对话, 从方框内7个选项中选择5个恰当的句子完成此对话。A. I think Sound Lake is the best.B. How do you like Qinghai?C. We’v

一、题文

 阅读下面对话, 从方框内7个选项中选择5个恰当的句子完成此对话。
A. I think Sound Lake is the best.
B. How do you like Qinghai?
C. We’ve been to many wonderful places.
D. How long have you stayed there?
E. How did you go there?
F. But I think riding camels is the most exciting one.
G. Where have you been?
Linda: Hi, Bruce! I haven’t seen you for a long time.     小题1:
Bruce: I’ve been to Qinghai with my parents.
Linda:     小题2:
Bruce: For two weeks.
Linda:     小题3:
Bruce: It’s one of the most beautiful provinces in the northwest of China. I like it very much.
Linda: Which is your favorite place?
Bruce:     小题4:   When I was there, I lost myself in the beautiful city.
Linda: What interesting things did you do there?
Bruce: Lots of things, such as swimming, boating, fishing.      小题5:
Linda: Oh, really? I hope to go there for a visit one day.

考点提示:情景交际,日常用语、谚语

二、答案


小题1:G
小题2:D
小题3:B
小题4:A
小题5:F

试题分析:
小题1:句意:-你好,Bruce,我很久没有见你了。你去哪里啦?-我和父母一起去了青海。根据上下文的意思和这个句子后的回答可知,这里应该是在问他去了哪里。故选G。
小题2:句意:-你在那里呆了多长时间?-呆了两周。根据下面的回答for two weeks可知,这里应该是问他在青海呆了多长时间。故选D。
小题3:句意:-你觉得青海怎么样?-它是中国西北部最美丽的省之一。我非常喜欢它。根据下面这个人所说的话可知,他说的是自己对青海的印象,故这里应该是在问他觉得青海怎么样。故选B。
小题4:句意:-你最喜欢的地方是哪里?-我认为回声湖是最好的。当我在那的时候,我都迷失在那的美丽的景色中。根据上句话可知,这里是在问他最喜欢的地方是哪里,故这个空我们应该来回答这个问题。故选A。
小题5:句意:--你在那里做了什么有趣的事情?-很多事情,比如游泳,划船,钓鱼,但是我觉得骑骆驼是最令人兴奋的。根据这个人的回答可知,他在青海做了很多有趣的事情,但是他觉得最令人兴奋的是骑骆驼。故选F。

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《阅读下面对话, 从方框内7个选项中选择5个恰当的句子完成此对话。A. I think Sound Lake is the best.B. How do you like Qinghai?C. We’v》这道题主要考你对 情景交际日常用语、谚语 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:情景交际,日常用语、谚语

考点名称:情景交际
  • 情景交际:
    也叫口语应用,试题根据对话的基本形式是一问一答的特点,通过提供一定的语境,将语言放在交际的实际情景中去考查。
    它所涉及的内容多是初中英语课本中出现过的与学生学习、生活相联系、实用性强的内容。
    它既考查特定交际场合使用的表达方式,也通过语境考查词汇和语法知识的运用。
  • 情景交际题注意事项
    1.所补全的对话内容必须能使上、下文连贯一致,因而必须瞻前顾后、全盘考虑,不能仅看上一个问句就选择答句,或仅根据下文中的答句就补全它的问句,否则容易造成逻辑错误。
    2. 做题前应注意试题前面是否有中文或英语的背景提示。这些背景提示是确定话题内容的重要依据,不可疏忽带过。
    3. 在选择过程中考生应注意把已选出的选项划去,避免重复选择的错误。
    4. 做题时要先易后难,一时难以确定不要勉强先做,否则易造成连锁错误。
  •  

  • 解题思路与技巧:
    1. 通览全文,领会大意,揣摩话题。解题时应先跳过空格通览全文,了解对话大意,根据对大意的把握,判定语境,揣摩话题。 
    2. 根据语境,细读选项,选择答案。在把握话题和语境的基础上,针对对话的每一空白处,细读所提供的选项,认真分析它们之间的异同,依据对话有关情景内容,选择正确的答案。 
    3.通盘考虑,前后联想,先易后难。要从对话整体理解出发,依照上、下问答的逻辑顺序来考虑所选择的答案,不可不顾前后顺序,孤立地就上句就补下句,这样可能出现所补句子符合上文而不符合下文的情况。要先解决有把握的、容易的,再回头补选较难的。 
    4.通读对话,义形结合,验证答案。将对话补全之后,再将整段对话通读一遍,逐一验证答案。所选的答案不仅语义上要符合语境,而且要保证语言正确,做到说话得体。    
考点名称:日常用语、谚语
  • 日常用语:
    就是日常生活中的交际用语,如Thank you. Sorry.等
    谚语:
    即是人们生活中常用的现成的话。
    谚语类似成语,但口语性强,通俗易懂,而且一般都表达一个完整的意思,形式上差不多都是一两个短句。
    例如:Helaughsbestwholaughslast.谁笑到最后,谁就笑得最好。
                Nopains,nogains.没有付出,就没有收获。
  • 英语日常交际用语分类:
    打招呼与告别用语(Greeting and Saying Good-bye)
    1.-How are you ?       
    -I’m fine, thanks.
    2. -Nice to meet you.    
    -Nice to meet you, too.

    谈论颜色(Talking about colour)
    1. -What colour is  it?    
    -It’s red.
    2. -What’s you favourite colour, Jenny?      
    -My favourite colour is blue.
    3. -How many colours do you like?         
    -Three.

    谈论高度(Talking about height)
    1. -Are you short or tall?               
    -I’m short/tall.
    2. -How tall am I, Mr Wood?            
    -You’re 1.6 metres tall.

    看病用语(Seeing a doctor)
    1. -What’s the matter?                  
    -I cut my knee. It hurts.

    就餐用语(Having meals)
    1. -Would you like some dumpling?            
    -No, thanks./ Yes please.
    2. I’d like porridge for breakfast.        
    3. It’s /Thery’re delicious.
    4. What would you like for supper?
    5. -Are you ready to order?                    
    -Yes, please. I’d like…….

    谈论天气(Talking about weather)
    1 -How is the weather today?/ What’s the weather like today?
    -It’ sunny rainy snowy windy.
    2. -Is it snowy?                      
    - No , it’s hot today.
    3. -what’s the temperature?             
    - It’s 0 degrees.
    4. -Is it rainy?                         
    -Yes, it’s rainy.
    5 It’s warm and windy in spring.
    6. -How’s the weather today, Steven?        
    -It’s cold and snowy.
    7.-What’s the temperature outside, Kim?      
    -It’s minus fifteen degress.
    8.What’s the temperature today? Is it warm or hot?
    9.It’s very cold\\ hot today, isn’t it?
    10. It ‘s a cold day!
    11. what a cold day!               
    12. It’s getting warmer.

    谈论时间和日期(Talking about time and date)
    1. -What time is it?/What’s the time?      
    -It’s 7:00 a quarter to seven ten past seven.
    2. -What day is it?                          
    -It’s Tuesday.
    3. -What’s the date?                         
    -It’s October 30.

    谈论年龄(Talking about age)
    1. -How old are you? What’s your age?         
    - I’m fourteen years old.
    2. She is very young.

    谈论购物(Talking about shopping )
    1.-May I help you ?/What can I do for you?   
    -I would like/want to buy a pencil, please.
    2. -How much is this are they?               
    -Three yuan.
    3. I’ll take it.                  
    4. Here’s your change.
    5. What colour kind would you like?    
    6. What about this one?
    7.I’m looking for a birthday present for my friend.
    8.Do you have any other sizes/ kinds?

    谈论距离(Talking about distance)
    1. How far is it from China to Canada?           
    It’s about 8,500 kilometres.
    2. Beijing is far from our city.
    3. -How far is Beijing from here?      
    -It’s about 7,000 kilometres miles away.

    请求允许(Asking for permission)
    1. May I have some donuts, please?
    2. -May I have some grapes?    
    -Sorry. We don’t have any grapes. But we have some pears.
    3. -what would you like, Mom?     
    -I would like a bowl of noodles.

    指路(Showing the way)
    -Excuse me. Does the hotel have a computer?
    -Yes! I can show you. Go straight down this hall. Here it is!

    道别用语(Saying good-bye)
    -Okay. See you later!                
    -See you later!

    表扬与鼓励(Praise and encouragement)
    1.The gift is wonderful!           
    2. You can do it.
    3.These chopsticks are beautiful!    
    4.Beijing is great!
    5.Very good!                    
    6. Good work!
    7.Well done! / Wonderful! /Excellent!   
    8.You speak English very well!
    9.Keep trying!               
    10.You dress is beautiful!
    11.Come on!

    谈论节日和季节(Talking about festivals and seasons)
    1. -What’s your favourtite festival /season?            
    - My favourite festival is Children’s Day.
    _My favourite seasons is fall are spring and winter.
    2. I like Teachers’ Day.
    3.I like winter because I like to ski and skate.    
    4.Spring in China is usually warm.
    5. There’re four seasons in a year.

  • 初中常用谚语:
    He is not fit to command others that cannot command himself.正人先正己。

    He knows most who speaks least.大智若愚。

    He who does not advance loses ground.逆水行舟,不进则退。

    If you make yourself an ass, don't complain if people ride you.人善被人欺,马善被人骑。

    If you want knowledge, you must toil for it.要想求知,就得吃苦。

    Industry is the parent of success.勤奋是成功之母。

    It is better to die when life is a disgrace.宁为玉碎,不为瓦全。

    It is easy to open a shop but hard to keep it always open.创业容易守业难。

    It is hard to please all.众口难调。

    It is never too old to learn.活到老,学到老。

    It is no use crying over spilt milk.覆水难收。

    It is the first step that costs troublesome.万事开头难。

    It is the unforeseen that always happens.天有不测风云,人有旦夕祸福。

    It is too late to grieve when the chance is past.坐失良机,后悔已迟。

    It never rains but it pours.不鸣则已,一鸣惊人。
    It takes three generations to make a gentleman.十年树木,百年树人。

    Jack of all trades and master of none.门门精通,样样稀松。

    Judge not from appearances.人不可貌相,海不可斗量。

    Justice has long arms.天网恢恢,疏而不漏。

    Keep good men company and you shall be of the number.近朱者赤,近墨者黑。

    Kill two birds with one stone.一箭双雕。

    Kings go mad, and the people suffer for it.君王发狂,百姓遭殃。

    Kings have long arms.普天之下,莫非王土。

    Knowledge is power.知识就是力量。

    Knowledge makes humble, ignorance makes proud.博学使人谦逊,无知使人骄傲。

  • 初中英语作文常用的谚语:
    1.Practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧。
    2.God helps those who help themselves. 天助自助者。
    3.Easier said than done. 说起来容易做起来难。
    4.Where there is a will,there is a way. 有志者事竟成。
    5.One false step will make a great difference. 失之毫厘,谬之千里。
    6.Slow and steady wins the race. 稳扎稳打无往而不胜。
    7.A fall into the pit,a gain in your wit. 吃一堑,长一智。
    8.Experience is the mother of wisdom. 实践出真知。
    9.All work and no play makes jack a dull boy. 只工作不玩耍,聪明孩子也变傻。
    10.Beauty without virtue is a rose without fragrance.无德之美犹如没有香味的玫瑰,徒有其表。
    11.More hasty,less speed. 欲速则不达。
    12.Its never too old to learn. 活到老,学到老。
    13.All that glitters is not gold. 闪光的未必都是金子。
    14.A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.千里之行始于足下。
    15.Look before you leap. 三思而后行。
    16.Rome was not built in a day. 伟业非一日之功。
    17.Great minds think alike. 英雄所见略同。
    18.well begun,half done. 好的开始等于成功的一半。
    19.It is hard to please all. 众口难调。
    20.Out of sight,out of mind. 眼不见,心不念。
    21.Facts speak plainer than words. 事实胜于雄辩。
    22.Call back white and white back. 颠倒黑白。
    23.First things first. 凡事有轻重缓急。
    24.Ill news travels fast. 坏事传千里。
    25.A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难见真情。
    26.live not to eat,but eat to live. 活着不是为了吃饭,吃饭为了活着。
    27.Action speaks louder than words. 行动胜过语言。
    28.East or west,home is the best. 金窝银窝不如自家草窝。
    29.Its not the gay coat that makes the gentleman. 君子在德不在衣。
    30.Beauty will buy no beef. 漂亮不能当饭吃。
    31.Like and like make good friends. 趣味相投。
    32.The older, the wiser. 姜是老的辣。
    33.Do as Romans do in Rome. 入乡随俗。
    34.An idle youth,a needy age. 少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲。
    35.As the tree,so the fruit. 种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆。
    36.To live is to learn,to learnistobetterlive.活着为了学习,学习为了更好的活着。
    37. Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成。
    38. Nothing is too difficult in the world if you set your mind into it. 世上无难事,只怕有心人。
    39. Every coin has two sides. 每枚硬币都有两面;凡事皆有好坏。
    40. Don‘t troubles trouble until trouble troubles you. 不要自找麻烦。
    41. No pains,no gains. 不劳无获

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