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  3. 九年级英语
  4. 不定代词形容词

—Where would you like to go for your summer holiday, Mike?—I'd like to go ________.[ ]A. nowher

一、题文

—Where would you like to go for your summer holiday, Mike?    
—I'd like to go ________.   
[     ]
A. nowhere interesting    
B. interesting anywhere    
C. somewhere interesting    
D. interesting somewhere

考点提示:不定代词,形容词

二、答案

C

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《—Where would you like to go for your summer holiday, Mike?—I'd like to go ________.[ ]A. nowher》这道题主要考你对 不定代词形容词 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:不定代词,形容词

考点名称:不定代词
  • 不定代词
    即不指明代替任何特定名词或形容词的代词。
    初中常用不定代词有:
    some(something,somebody,someone),any(anything,anybody,anyone), no(nothing,nobody,no one),
    every(everything,everybody,everyone,),all,each,both,much,many,(a)little,(a)few,other(s),
    another,none,one,either, neither等。一般来讲,修饰不定代词的词要置于其后。
  • 不定代词用法例举:
    ①一般用于肯定句中的不定代词:some, someone, somebody, something
    例如:They can speak some Japanese.
    ②一般用于否定句、疑问句和条件句中的不定代词:any, anyone, anybody, anything
    例如:Is there anyone at home?
    ③一般用于句中表示否定意义的不定代词:no, no one, nobody, nothing
    例如:I have no watch.
    There is nothing wrong with the machine.
    ④不定代词one指代可数名词,既可指人,亦可指物,它可以代替上文中出现的单数可数
    名词,指代复数名词时可以用ones。
    例如:I do not have a pen, can you lend me one?
    I like small cars better than large ones.
    ⑤none通常只用作名词,在句中作主语、宾语等。意为“没有任何(人或物)”,既可指人,亦可指物。
    none后常跟of短语,其后用复数可数名词或不可数名词。
    例如:None of them knows the answer to the question.
    ⑥both, all
    both指两个人、物或群体;
    all指三个以上的人、物或群体或泛指一切事物。
    例如:My parents are both teachers.
               All of my friends are football fans.
    ⑦every, each
    each一般用于指两个或两个以上的人或物,侧重个别;
    every用于指三个或三个以上的人或物,侧重全体。而且each所指对象在上下文中已十分明确。
    例如:Each student went to see that films. (学生至少二人)
                Every student went to the park.(学生至少三人)        
    ⑧other, the other, others, the others, another
    other具有名词和形容词性质,既可指人,亦可指物。other常与定冠词the连用。
    不定冠词an与other连用则组成another。other只作形容词或代词,表示“其他的,别的”,不可单独使用。
    例如:Do you have any other questions?
    the other作形容词或代词,特指两者中或两部分的另一个或另一部分。
    例如:The bookshop is on the other side of the street.
     others相当于“other+名词”,泛指“别的人或物”,只有名词性用法。
    例如:Some are planting trees, others are watering them.
    the others相当于“the other+名词”,表示“剩下的,其余的”,特指除此之外的全部 人或物。
    例如:There are forty-six students in our class. Two of them are foreign, the others are all Chinese.
    another作形容词或代词,泛指三个或三个以上不定数目中的“另一个”。
    例如:This pen is too expensive, please show me another.
    ⑨either, neither
    either指“两者中的任何一个”;neither指“两者中无一”,具有否定意义。
    例如:You can take either half.
    Neither of the books is good.
    ⑩many, much, most
    many和much具有名词和形容词的性质,都表示“许多、大量”。
    Much一般只能指代或修饰不可数名词,many只能指代或修饰复数可数名词。Most指“大部分、大多数”。
    例如:Many boys like playing soccer.
    We have much homework to do every day.
    Most students think so.
    (11)few, a few, little, a little
    a few 和a little 意为“少数、少量”,其意义是肯定的。
    A few指代或修饰复数形式的可数名词,a little指代或修饰不可数名词。
    Few 和little意为“几乎一点没有”,具有否定意义。
    例如:He has a few friends here.
    Hurry up! There is little time left.

  • 不定代词的用法:
    不定代词大都可以代替名词和形容词,在句中作主语、宾语、表语、定语和状语。
    位置
    不定代词+形容词
    不定代词+to do
    作主语
    Both of them are teachers.他们两人都是教师。
    作宾语
    I know nothing about this person.我对这个人一无所知。
    作表语
    This book is too much for a child.这本书对一个小孩来说太难了。
    作定语
    There is a little water in the glass.玻璃杯里有一些水。
    作状语
    I can't find my book anywhere.我在任何地方都不能找到我的书。
    修饰不定代词的词,一般情况下要后置。
考点名称:形容词
  • 形容词
    简称adj.或a,形容词用来修饰名词或代词,表示人或事物的性质、状态,和特征的程度好坏与否,形容词在句中作定语,表语,宾语补足语。
    她是一个好学生,她学习努力。She is a good student, and she works hard.
    这辆自行车很贵。This bike is expensive.
    对不起,我现在很忙。I am sorry, I'm busy now.
    你为这次会议做好准备了吗? Have you got everything ready for the meeting?
  • 形容词的语法功能:
    一、作定语
    He is the greatest writer alive.他是依然健在的伟大的作家。
    Somewone else has done it.别人已经做了这事。
    二、作补语
    形容词做主语补足语和宾语补足语时,可以表示其现状、状态,也可以表示某一动作的结果,并常用在表示“认为,看待”的动词如believe,prove,consider等候。例如:
    The news made her sad.这消息使他感到非常悲伤。
    Don't marry young.不要早婚。
    三、作状语
    形容词或形容词短语可作状语,形容词作状语时,可以看作是“being+形容词”结构的省略,可表示时间、原因、条件、方式、强调或伴随状况等意义。例如:
    Enthusiastic,they are co-operative.热心的时候他们是很合作的。
    Rich or poor, young or old, we all have problems.不管是穷人还是富人,不管是年轻人还是老人,我们都有问题。
    四、做表语
    The ship was adrift on unknown seas.那艘船在陌生的海域漂流。
    五、做主语
    Old and young joined the discussion.
    Rich or poor meant the same to him.作感叹语
    Very good!Say it again.
    Stupid!He must be crasy.
  • 形容词的几个特殊用法:
    most 同形容词连用而不用 the, 表示 " 极,很,非常, 十分"。
    It's most dangerous to be here. 在这儿太危险。
    I cannot do it, it's most difficult. 我干不了这件事,太难了。

    "The+形容词比较级..., the+形容词比较级..." 表示 " 越... 就越..."。
    The more you study, the more you know. 你学的越多, 就知道的越多。
    The more I have, the more I want. 我越有就越想要有。
    The more, the better. 越多越好。

    " 形容词比较级 + and + 形容词比较级 ", 表示 " 越来越... "。
    It's getting hotter and hotter. 天气越来越热了.
    It's pity he is getting poorer and poorer. 真可怜他越来越穷了。
    The computer is cheaper and cheaper. 计算机越来越便宜。
    The more and more people focus on the meeting next year. 越来越多的人关注明年的会议。

    主语+谓语(系动词)+as+形容词原形+as+从句。表示两者对比相同。
    This box is as big as mine. 这个盒子和我的一样大。
    This coat is as cheap as that one. 这件衣服同那件衣服一样便宜。
     I study English as hard as my brother. 我同我兄弟一样学习努力。

    the + 形容词 表示某种人。
    He always helps the poor. 他经常帮助穷人。
    I like to have a talk with the young. 我喜欢同年轻人谈话。
    The rich sometimes complain their empty life. 富人有时抱怨他们空虚的生活。
    The police led the old man across the street. 警察领老人横过马路。

    以-ly结尾的形容词
    1) 大部分形容词加-ly可构成副词。但 friendly,deadly,lovely,lonely,likely,lively,brotherly,仍为形容词。
    改错:(错) She sang lovely.             (错) He spoke to me very friendly.
       (对) Her singing was lovely.  (对) He spoke to me in a very friendly way.
    2)有些以-ly 结尾的词既为形容词,也为副词。
    daily,weekly,monthly,yearly,early
    The Times is a daily paper.
    The Times is published daily.

    too+adj.+to句型   “太…而不能”
      He is too young to go to school.
     =He isn’t old enough to go to school.
     =He is so young that he can’t go to school.

  • 形容词的位置:
    1.形容词一般放在名词前作定语  
    单个形容词修饰名词时,一般要放在名词的前面。它们的前面常常带有冠词、形容词性物主代词、指示代词、数词等。例如:  
    a red flower一朵红花
    an interesting story一个有趣的故事  
    six blind men 六个盲人
    my own house我自己的房子
    如果有两个或两个以上的形容词修饰一个名词时,则由它们和被修饰的名词之间的密切程度而定,越密切的形容词越靠近名词。
    如果几个形容词的密切程度差不多则按音节少的形容词放在前面,音节多的形容词放在后面。  
    2.当形容词所修饰的词是由some,any,every,no等构成的不定代词时,形容词必须置于名词之后。例如:  
        She has something new to tell me.她有一些新的情况告诉我。  
        I have nothing important to do today.今天我没有重要的工作要做。  
        Do you know anybody else here?这儿你还有认识的人吗?  
    3.形容词后面有介词短语或不定式短语时,形容词必须置于名词之后。例如:  
        It is a problem difficult to work out.这是一道难以解决的问题。  
        Edison is a student difficult to teach.爱迪生是个很难教的学生。  
        This is a kind of flowers easy to grow.这是一种易栽的花。  
    4.用 and 或 or 连接起来的两个形容词作定语时一般把它们放在被修饰的名词后面。起进一步解释的作用。例如:  
        All people,young or old,should be strict with themselves.  
        所有的人,无论老少,都应该严格要求自己。  
        We are building a new school, modern and super.  
        我们正在建一所现代化的高档次的新型学校。  
        All countries, rich and poor, should help one another. 所有的国家,无论穷富都应该互相帮助。  
    5.有少数形容词,如enough和possible,既可置于所修饰的名词前面也可以置于它所修饰的名词之后。例如:   
    Do you have enough time(time enough)to prepare?你有足够的时间做准备吗?   
    Maybe it will be a possible chance(chance possible)for you.或许它将成为一次可能的机遇。
    6.有些形容词,置于名词之前与之后,含义不尽相同。例如:  
    the writer present 出席的作者  
    the present writer 现在的作者
    7.表示长,宽,高,深,及年龄的形容词,应放在相应的名词之后。
    This river is about 100 metres wide.
    The building is more than 50 metres tall.
     He is less than 40 years old.
    8. enough修饰名词时,在名词前后都可以。
    They said that they had enough food.= They said that they had food enough.
     enough 修饰形容词和副词,位于其后。
     He is old enough to join the army.
     He isn’t old enough to go to school.
    9.形容词else通常放在疑问代词,疑问副词或不定代词后
     what/who/where/when/when else
     something/anything/nothing…else
     What else did you do?
     Do you have anything else to say?
    10.由两个或两个以上的词组成的形容词词组修饰名词时须放在名词之后。
    This is the book easy to read.
    这是一本容易读的书。

  • 形容词知识拓展:
    名词化的形容词:
    有些形容词可以和定冠词连用,表示一类人或事物,这时,它相当于一个名词,可作主语或宾语;
    表示一类人时,看作复数,表示一类事物时,通常看作单数。
    Robin Hooh(罗宾汉) hated the rich and loved the poor.
    The old are taken good  care of in American.
    the+形容词,常见的短语有:
    the old/the young/the sick/the white/
    the black/the rich/the poor/the dead(死者)

    形似副词的形容词:
    以-ly结尾的词通常是副词,但是下列词为形容词。
    friendly  lonely (孤独的) ;lively (活着的);lovely(可爱的)

    复合形容词的类型:
    (1)名词+过去分词  man-made satellite 人造卫星
    (2)形容词+现在分词  a good-looking man
    (3)形容词+名词  second-hand cars
    (4)数词+名词-ed   three-legged chairs三条腿的椅子
    (5)数词+名词  400- metre race
    (6)副词+现在分词  hard-working students
    (7)副词+过去分词  well-known writers
    (8)形容词+形容词  a dark-red jacket
    (9)形容词+过去分词  ready-made clothes 成品服装

    含有形容词的常用句型:
    (1) It’s+adj. of sb. to do sth.
    (good/ kind/nice/polite/clever/foolish… )
    It’s very kind of you to help me.
    (2) It’s +adj. for sb. to do sth.
    (difficult/easy/hard/dangerous/usefulinteresting/important…)
    It’s important for us to learn English well.
    (3)下列形容词后常跟动词不定式
     表示情感或情绪的形容词:glad,pleased,sorry,sad,afraid,thankful…
     I'm glad to see you.
    表示能力,意志或推测的形容词:ready,able,sure,certain…
     I’m sorry to hear that.

    某些现在分词和过去分词可作形容词
    the moving story 令人感动的故事
    a moved boy   一个被感动的男孩
    a frightened child 一个被吓到的孩子
    a frightening film 一个恐怖电影

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