1. 首页
  2. 英语
  3. 九年级英语
  4. 形容词现在完成时

Premier Zhou (周总理) _____ for many years, but he still lives in the hearts of the Chinese people. [ ]

一、题文

Premier Zhou (周总理) _____ for many years, but he still lives in the hearts of the Chinese people.
[     ]
A. died
B. had died
C. has been died
D. has been dead

考点提示:形容词,现在完成时

二、答案

D

三、考点梳理

知名教师分析,《Premier Zhou (周总理) _____ for many years, but he still lives in the hearts of the Chinese people. [ ]》这道题主要考你对 形容词现在完成时 等知识点的理解。

关于这些知识点的“解析掌握知识”如下:

知识点名称:形容词,现在完成时

考点名称:形容词
  • 形容词
    简称adj.或a,形容词用来修饰名词或代词,表示人或事物的性质、状态,和特征的程度好坏与否,形容词在句中作定语,表语,宾语补足语。
    她是一个好学生,她学习努力。She is a good student, and she works hard.
    这辆自行车很贵。This bike is expensive.
    对不起,我现在很忙。I am sorry, I'm busy now.
    你为这次会议做好准备了吗? Have you got everything ready for the meeting?
  • 形容词的语法功能:
    一、作定语
    He is the greatest writer alive.他是依然健在的伟大的作家。
    Somewone else has done it.别人已经做了这事。
    二、作补语
    形容词做主语补足语和宾语补足语时,可以表示其现状、状态,也可以表示某一动作的结果,并常用在表示“认为,看待”的动词如believe,prove,consider等候。例如:
    The news made her sad.这消息使他感到非常悲伤。
    Don't marry young.不要早婚。
    三、作状语
    形容词或形容词短语可作状语,形容词作状语时,可以看作是“being+形容词”结构的省略,可表示时间、原因、条件、方式、强调或伴随状况等意义。例如:
    Enthusiastic,they are co-operative.热心的时候他们是很合作的。
    Rich or poor, young or old, we all have problems.不管是穷人还是富人,不管是年轻人还是老人,我们都有问题。
    四、做表语
    The ship was adrift on unknown seas.那艘船在陌生的海域漂流。
    五、做主语
    Old and young joined the discussion.
    Rich or poor meant the same to him.作感叹语
    Very good!Say it again.
    Stupid!He must be crasy.
  • 形容词的几个特殊用法:
    most 同形容词连用而不用 the, 表示 " 极,很,非常, 十分"。
    It's most dangerous to be here. 在这儿太危险。
    I cannot do it, it's most difficult. 我干不了这件事,太难了。

    "The+形容词比较级..., the+形容词比较级..." 表示 " 越... 就越..."。
    The more you study, the more you know. 你学的越多, 就知道的越多。
    The more I have, the more I want. 我越有就越想要有。
    The more, the better. 越多越好。

    " 形容词比较级 + and + 形容词比较级 ", 表示 " 越来越... "。
    It's getting hotter and hotter. 天气越来越热了.
    It's pity he is getting poorer and poorer. 真可怜他越来越穷了。
    The computer is cheaper and cheaper. 计算机越来越便宜。
    The more and more people focus on the meeting next year. 越来越多的人关注明年的会议。

    主语+谓语(系动词)+as+形容词原形+as+从句。表示两者对比相同。
    This box is as big as mine. 这个盒子和我的一样大。
    This coat is as cheap as that one. 这件衣服同那件衣服一样便宜。
     I study English as hard as my brother. 我同我兄弟一样学习努力。

    the + 形容词 表示某种人。
    He always helps the poor. 他经常帮助穷人。
    I like to have a talk with the young. 我喜欢同年轻人谈话。
    The rich sometimes complain their empty life. 富人有时抱怨他们空虚的生活。
    The police led the old man across the street. 警察领老人横过马路。

    以-ly结尾的形容词
    1) 大部分形容词加-ly可构成副词。但 friendly,deadly,lovely,lonely,likely,lively,brotherly,仍为形容词。
    改错:(错) She sang lovely.             (错) He spoke to me very friendly.
       (对) Her singing was lovely.  (对) He spoke to me in a very friendly way.
    2)有些以-ly 结尾的词既为形容词,也为副词。
    daily,weekly,monthly,yearly,early
    The Times is a daily paper.
    The Times is published daily.

    too+adj.+to句型   “太…而不能”
      He is too young to go to school.
     =He isn’t old enough to go to school.
     =He is so young that he can’t go to school.

  • 形容词的位置:
    1.形容词一般放在名词前作定语  
    单个形容词修饰名词时,一般要放在名词的前面。它们的前面常常带有冠词、形容词性物主代词、指示代词、数词等。例如:  
    a red flower一朵红花
    an interesting story一个有趣的故事  
    six blind men 六个盲人
    my own house我自己的房子
    如果有两个或两个以上的形容词修饰一个名词时,则由它们和被修饰的名词之间的密切程度而定,越密切的形容词越靠近名词。
    如果几个形容词的密切程度差不多则按音节少的形容词放在前面,音节多的形容词放在后面。  
    2.当形容词所修饰的词是由some,any,every,no等构成的不定代词时,形容词必须置于名词之后。例如:  
        She has something new to tell me.她有一些新的情况告诉我。  
        I have nothing important to do today.今天我没有重要的工作要做。  
        Do you know anybody else here?这儿你还有认识的人吗?  
    3.形容词后面有介词短语或不定式短语时,形容词必须置于名词之后。例如:  
        It is a problem difficult to work out.这是一道难以解决的问题。  
        Edison is a student difficult to teach.爱迪生是个很难教的学生。  
        This is a kind of flowers easy to grow.这是一种易栽的花。  
    4.用 and 或 or 连接起来的两个形容词作定语时一般把它们放在被修饰的名词后面。起进一步解释的作用。例如:  
        All people,young or old,should be strict with themselves.  
        所有的人,无论老少,都应该严格要求自己。  
        We are building a new school, modern and super.  
        我们正在建一所现代化的高档次的新型学校。  
        All countries, rich and poor, should help one another. 所有的国家,无论穷富都应该互相帮助。  
    5.有少数形容词,如enough和possible,既可置于所修饰的名词前面也可以置于它所修饰的名词之后。例如:   
    Do you have enough time(time enough)to prepare?你有足够的时间做准备吗?   
    Maybe it will be a possible chance(chance possible)for you.或许它将成为一次可能的机遇。
    6.有些形容词,置于名词之前与之后,含义不尽相同。例如:  
    the writer present 出席的作者  
    the present writer 现在的作者
    7.表示长,宽,高,深,及年龄的形容词,应放在相应的名词之后。
    This river is about 100 metres wide.
    The building is more than 50 metres tall.
     He is less than 40 years old.
    8. enough修饰名词时,在名词前后都可以。
    They said that they had enough food.= They said that they had food enough.
     enough 修饰形容词和副词,位于其后。
     He is old enough to join the army.
     He isn’t old enough to go to school.
    9.形容词else通常放在疑问代词,疑问副词或不定代词后
     what/who/where/when/when else
     something/anything/nothing…else
     What else did you do?
     Do you have anything else to say?
    10.由两个或两个以上的词组成的形容词词组修饰名词时须放在名词之后。
    This is the book easy to read.
    这是一本容易读的书。

  • 形容词知识拓展:
    名词化的形容词:
    有些形容词可以和定冠词连用,表示一类人或事物,这时,它相当于一个名词,可作主语或宾语;
    表示一类人时,看作复数,表示一类事物时,通常看作单数。
    Robin Hooh(罗宾汉) hated the rich and loved the poor.
    The old are taken good  care of in American.
    the+形容词,常见的短语有:
    the old/the young/the sick/the white/
    the black/the rich/the poor/the dead(死者)

    形似副词的形容词:
    以-ly结尾的词通常是副词,但是下列词为形容词。
    friendly  lonely (孤独的) ;lively (活着的);lovely(可爱的)

    复合形容词的类型:
    (1)名词+过去分词  man-made satellite 人造卫星
    (2)形容词+现在分词  a good-looking man
    (3)形容词+名词  second-hand cars
    (4)数词+名词-ed   three-legged chairs三条腿的椅子
    (5)数词+名词  400- metre race
    (6)副词+现在分词  hard-working students
    (7)副词+过去分词  well-known writers
    (8)形容词+形容词  a dark-red jacket
    (9)形容词+过去分词  ready-made clothes 成品服装

    含有形容词的常用句型:
    (1) It’s+adj. of sb. to do sth.
    (good/ kind/nice/polite/clever/foolish… )
    It’s very kind of you to help me.
    (2) It’s +adj. for sb. to do sth.
    (difficult/easy/hard/dangerous/usefulinteresting/important…)
    It’s important for us to learn English well.
    (3)下列形容词后常跟动词不定式
     表示情感或情绪的形容词:glad,pleased,sorry,sad,afraid,thankful…
     I'm glad to see you.
    表示能力,意志或推测的形容词:ready,able,sure,certain…
     I’m sorry to hear that.

    某些现在分词和过去分词可作形容词
    the moving story 令人感动的故事
    a moved boy   一个被感动的男孩
    a frightened child 一个被吓到的孩子
    a frightening film 一个恐怖电影
考点名称:现在完成时
  • 现在完成时:
    过去发生并且已经完成的动作对现在造成影响或后果,过去某一时间开始并一直持续到现在的动作或状态。
    基本结构:主语+have/has+动词的过去分词
    句式:
    1. 否定句式:现在完成时的否定句式是“haven't (hasn't)+过去分词...”。
    如:I have not seen the movie yet. 我还没看这部电影。
    2. 一般疑问句:Have(Has)+主语+过去分词...? 如:
    —Have you finished the work?你已经做完这项工作了吗?
    —Yes, I have. 是的,我已经做完了。(No, I haven't. 不,我还没有做完。)
    3. 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+have(has)+主语+过去分词...?如:
    How many times have you been to the Great Wall?你去过长城几次?
    提示:肯定句中有some, already时,改为否定句或疑问句时通常要分别改为any, yet。如:
    I have already finished my homework. 我已经完成了我的作业。
    → I haven't finished my homework yet. (否定句)
    → Have you finished your homework yet? (一般疑问句)
    现在完成时常见两种句型:
    ①for短语
    ②It is+一段时间+ since从句
  • 现在完成时特点:
    1. 非持续性动词的完成时的肯定式不能与时间段连用,若要用时间段状语,则应换成相应的持续性动词或状态动词。
    例如:
    He has left.
    He has been away for an hour.
    2. have/has been to 表示曾经去过某地,但现在不在那;have/has gone to表示现在已去某地,现在不在这。
    例如:
    He has been to Canada, but now he is working in our company.
    Mr. Li in not at home. He has gone to Shanghai.
    3. 完成时的肯定式常用already,而否定式和疑问式常用yet,但若already用于疑问句时,表示一种出乎意外的惊讶。
    例如:Have you read it already?
  • 现在完成时和一般过去时区别:
    现在完成时和一般过去时都表示在过去完成的动作。
    但现在完成时强调的是这一动作与现在的关系。如对现在产生的结果或影响等,
    而一般过去时只表示动作在过去某一时刻发生,不表示和现在的关系。
    比较:
    I have lost my new book.  我把新书丢了。(现在还未找到)
    I lost my new book yesterday. 我昨天把新书丢了。(昨天丢的,现在找到与否没说明)

    have been(to)与have gone( to)的区别:
    have been(to)表示“去过某地(现在已经回来了)”,可用于各人称;
    have gone(to)表示“去某地了(说话时某人不在当地)”,常用于第三人称,
    前者可与once ,never,several times等连用,后者则不能。
    如:
    They have been to Beijing twice.他们去过北京两次。
    He has gone to Beijing .  他去北京了。

    现在完成时注意事项:
    1.如单纯表示一段时间,或强调一段时间,虽有since一词,也不必用完成时。如:
    It is two years since his father died. =His father has been dead for two years.他父亲去世已有三年了。

    2.终止性动词现在完成时的否定式,已变成一种可以延续的状态,因此可以和表示一段时间的状语连用。如:
    I haven't left here since 1997.自从1997年以来,我一直没有离开过这儿。

    3..现在完成时不能单独与准确时间连用,(如表示过去的时间状语)
    如:yesterday(morning、afternoon),last(morning、afternoon)等,除非与for,since连用.

    4.不能与when连用.
  • 现在完成时的用法:
    1.表示动作发生在过去某个不确定的时间,但对现在留下了某种影响和结果。常被just、already、yet 等副词修饰。如:
    -Have you had lunch yet?    
    -Yes,I have. I've just had it.
    2.表示从过去某一时刻开始一直持续到现在的动作或状态。这个动作可能刚停止,可能仍然在进行。
    常带有for和since等表示一段时间的状语。如:
    He has taught here since 1981
    他自1981年就在这儿教书。(可能还要继续教)
    I have't seen her for four years.
    我有四年没见到她了。
    3.表示说话前发生过一次或多次的动作,现在成为一种经验,一般译为汉语“过”。
    常与twice,ever,never,three times等时间状语。 如:
    I have been to Beijing twice.我去过北京

    4. 现在完成时还往往可以同包括现在时间在内的时间状语连用,如:
    now,up to these few days/weeks/months/years,this morning/week/month/year,just,today,up to present,so far等:
    Peter has written six papers so far.
    Man has now learned to release energy from the nucleus of the atom.
    There has been too much rain in San Francisco this year.
    The friendly relations and cooperation between our two countries have been enhanced in the past few years.
    Up to the present everything has been successful.

    5.现在完成时往往同表示不确定的过去时间状语连用,如:
    already(肯定),yet(否定,疑问),just,before,recently,still,lately,never等:
    He has already obtained a scholarship.
    I haven't seen much of him recently (lately).
    We have seen that film before.
    Have they found the missing child yet?

    6.现在完成时的"完成用法"
    现在完成时的"完成用法"指的是动作发生在过去某一时刻并已结束,但该动作对现在产生了影响,与现在情况具有因果关系。
    例如:
    He has turned off the light.他已把灯关了。(动作结束于过去,但说明的是现在的情况--灯现在不亮了。)
    现在完成时"完成用法"的特点是动作不延续,因此:
    该时态只能与表示不定的过去时间状语(如:already,yet,before,recently等)、频度时间状语(如:never,ever,once等)、包括现在时刻在内的时间状语(如:this morning / month /year...,today等)连用。
    例如:Have you found your pen yet?你已找到你的钢笔了吗?
    7.现在完成时的"未完成用法"
    现在完成时的"未完成用法"指的是动作开始于过去某一时刻,一直延续到现在,或可能还要继续下去。
    例如:
    He has lived here since 1978.自从1978年以来,他一直住在这儿。
    (动作起始于1978年,一直住到现在,可能还要继续住下去。)
    I have been in the army for more than 5 years.我在部队已经呆了五年多了。
    (动作开始于5年前,一直延续至今,有可能还要继续下去。)
    此种用法的句中常需一个表示一段时间的状语(由since或for引导),或表示与现在时刻相连的时间状语(如:up to now,so far)等。
    例如:
    I have heard nothing from him up to now.到目前为止我没有他的任何消息。
    注意:现在完成时的未完成用法只适用于延续性动词,不可用于终止性动词,即瞬间完成或延续时间很短的动词。
    如:come,go,arrive,leave,join,become,die等。
    8.一段时间+has passed+since从句
    主语+have / has been+since短语
    例如:He has been in the League for three years.
    或It is three years since he joined the League. 他入团已三年了  
    9. 现在完成时常和短语 "up to now /till now","so far" (意思是从过去某一确定的时间一直延续到现在)连用。  
    Up to/till now he's read many story books. 至今他已读过好多故事书。
    I've been to New York three times so far. 至今我已到纽约去过三次。
    has gone (to),has been (to),has been (in) 的区别
    has gone to:去了没回
    has been to :去过
    has been in:呆了很久

本文来自投稿,不代表本站立场,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.planabc.net/yingyu/846785.html